10 strategies and 3 policies for creating Wonderfull-learning
Conijn J. M., Rietdijk, W., Broekhof, E., Andre, L., & Schinkel, A. (2022). A theoretical framework and questionnaire for wonder-full education. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 54(3), 423–444. https://doi.org/10.1080/00220272.2021.1942992
Wonder as a learning outcome: The students will be able to experience wonder "is to perceive something as strange or beyond current comprehension" (Conijn et al., 2022, p. 423).
Wonder s a mix of surprise, the importance of what one is contemplating, and the awareness that one's knowledge is incomplete. I liked most that, according to the authors, wonder does not disappear with a sense of understanding, unlike curiosity. Even if you understand the physical processes behind the rainbow, you will not stop wondering about it. It looks like wondering is a "perpetual motion machine" for learning.
Teaching strategies to achieve wonder:
Be sensitive to children's personal wonder experience.
Teacher as a role model
Display and share your personal wonder experiences and fascinations
Exploration and experimentation
Explore and experiment by creating conditions for exploration, theory-building, hypothesis testing, and reflection.
Guide students to construct their own meanings and understandings about different concepts and phenomena.
Stimulate the students' imagination, for example, by making narrative-based lesson structure and asking student's for creating stories.
Defamiliarising the familiar
Guide children to find the strange, mysterious, and wonderful in the everyday.
Encourage attentive awareness, sensory rather than cognitive, to what presents itself in the moment, in the outer as well as the inner world.
Creating Enriched environment
to inspire students and provide opportunities for exploration and discovery.
POLICIES for supporting wonder-full learning
Less focus on test and method centred education
Stimulates / allows teachers to take time during lessons for students' interests, as well as for their own, which may lead student's to discover new interests.
Offer an enriched environment.
"if a school wants to promote wonder in children, there should be time for 'aimless' exploration"
Stimulate students to be curious and inquisitive, to engage all their senses, to make a personal connection with the subject matter and to discover their own specific interests.
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